Mar jawan mar jaawaan, tere ishq pe mar jaawaan – (2)
let me die, let me die, for love let me die to live again
bheegi bheegi sapno ka jaise khat hai yeh
this seems like a letter of summer days, happy days
haay gili gili chaahat ki jaise lat hai
now longing to be fulfilled by dying
mar jawan mar jaawaan, tere ishq pe mar jaawaan – (2)
let me die, let me die, for love let me die to live again
Soche dil ke aisa kaash ho
my heart wants to believe in such affection
tujhko ek nazar meri talaash ho
that in every sight, you should see me
jaise khwaab hai aankhon mein basae meri
like the dreams that reside in everyone’s eye
waise nindon pe silvate padae theri
the same way time takes the form of sleep
bheegi bheegi armaano ki raahat hai yeh
this is what desire desires, its release
haay geeli geeli kwaahish bhi thoh bekhud hai yeh
sunken dreams have only despair to fill them
mar jawan mar jaawaan, tere ishq pe mar jaawaan – (2)
let me die, let me die for love let me die to live again.
The truth of humanity as revealed by Hannah Arendt; Violence is the law of our beings. The Banality of Evil to be replaced by the Laws of Value Not?
There will be a vociferous discussion of the meaning of the word, The Brotherhood of Man as it pertains to law of value for a Fatherhood of God. Teachings to be delivered via the Holy Bible.
A وجع القلب
كان لها أن تعلم أن نرى، أن تبتسم، إلى الحب
هذا هو فقط أن أقول مرحبا
عندما كنت تريد لتقبيل
تتطلع من النافذة
ونتوقع أن ذلك لن
ومن المؤمل أن نسمع بعض لا …
She had to learn to see, to smile, to love, a heartbreak
This is just to say hi,
When you want to kiss
Looking out of the window
We expect that you will not
It is hoped that someone else will know of this crime.
A وجع القلب
هذا هو آخر موعد بعد أن كنت قد بدا رائعة جدا
وينعكس هذا النجوم التي في عينيك
بل هو ضوء القمر الجميلة التي كنت لا ترى
هو يريد لكن لا يمكن أبدا …
A heartache, this is the last time when it looked so wonderful
This star reflected in your eyes is a beautiful moonlight that you do not see, light in darkness that can never be achieved.
A وجع القلب
هذه هي أغنية صرخة سمع أزيز
هذا هو الحب على الرغم من الضرر الذي قد فعلت لك
هذا هو التظاهر بأن الحياة تستمر
وسعى هناك حب أو أن هناك أكثر
A heartache is the song of an owl heard humming
This is love in-spite of the damage done for you
This is to pretend that life continues. Even if
there was no love, there was more to life
A وجع القلب
لم يعد قادرا على مشاهدة عشاق
كان لها أن تضحك والدموع في عينيه
ومن اللامبالاة التي كنت يستقر في
هذا هو مفاجأة في انتظاره كما كان من قبل
A heartache, No longer able to watch lovers
laugh and cry when apart from each other
It is the indifference that they settle into
that prevents a surprise like no other before.
A وجع القلب
هذا هو ووتش وتلمس لا
يحلم ليلة دون وجود أي وقت مضى
بل هو الرواية التي ليست للقراءة بالفعل
بل هو الشمس التي تدفئ أكثر
A heartache, this is a watch that needs no winding and dreams at night that have never been slept in.
It is a novel that has not yet been read
It is sunlight that creates more of what went missing.
A وجع القلب
هذا هو عندما كنت أدرك شخص آخر قد اتخذت مكانك في قلبه
هذه هي الكنيسة فارغة أو نبكي في صمت
إنها مسألة معرفة الجواب دائما
في بعض الأحيان أنها محاربة حتى لو كنت التخلي عن …
A heartache, This is when you realize someone else has taken your place in their heart. This church is empty and forlorn.
It is always a matter of knowing the answer, for
sometimes they fight even if you did give up …
لوعة القلب …
فمن السلام في العالم في قلوبنا.
فنسنت صديقك ..
Friend, a sore heart can only be
mended when there is peace in the world and love in our hearts.
Synagogues of the past and the restored present
Nonviolent resistance (NVR or nonviolent action) is the practice of achieving goals such as social change through symbolic protests, civil disobedience, economic or political noncooperation, satyagraha, or other methods, while being nonviolent.
Gandhi told London’s Jewish Chronicle in an interview in 1931: “I can understand the longing of a Jew to return to Palestine, and he can do so if he can without the help of bayonets, whether his own or those of Britain… in perfect friendliness with the Arabs.”
In 1937, after Arabs tried to stop Jewish immigration to British-administered Palestine by force, Gandhi repeated his view that a homeland for Jews in the Middle East would only be possible “when Arab opinion is ripe for it.”
In his most extended treatment of the problem, an essay called “The Jews,” published in his newspaper Harijan in 1938, Gandhi began:
Several letters have been received by me, asking me to declare my views about the Arab-Jew question in Palestine and the persecution of the Jews in Germany. It is not without hesitation that I venture to offer my views on this very difficult question. My sympathies are all with the Jews.
How It All Goes Down
Pray For Us, Saint Thomas Aquinas
First, the structural deets: Gandhi’s autobiography is divided into an intro, five parts with chapters, and a closing. Most chapters are short and cover a brief episode or two in his life. His account is pretty much in chronological order. The intro outlines his quest for truth, and the closing sums it up, so they show the big-picture message.
Part One gives us Gandhi’s birth (October 2, 1869), childhood, teens, and time in England. He’s influenced as a kid by his religiously tolerant political official father and devout mother. At age 13 (!), he’s married to Kasturbai in a child marriage, meaning she’s a teenager, too, and their parents are the ones who decide they should get married.
After a few years, she becomes preggo with the first of Gandhi’s four children. Once Gandhi’s father dies, a family friend suggests Gandhi go to England to study law to keep the family a high status one. However, his caste tells him it’s against their religion for him to travel abroad.
Meanwhile, his mother is worried he’ll lose his way in the foreign culture and start drinking alcohol, eating meat (his family is vegetarian), and sleeping with women other than his wife, who’s to stay at home in India while her husband has his big adventure. Gandhi tells his caste he’s definitely going to England, and they can go ahead and kick him out…which they do.
As for his mother’s concerns, Gandhi takes serious vows not to touch alcohol, meat, or other women. With that, he’s off to England. After being called to the bar (i.e., after officially becoming a lawyer), he returns to India.
Part Two tells us all about his time in South Africa, where he goes to work with a law firm. He gets kicked off a train due to “color prejudice” (which is what he calls racism), and he decides to fight back—non-violently, of course. He continues studying religion and founds the Natal Indian Congress. He heads back to India for a while, where he meets his mentor Gokhale and others, but is soon recalled to South Africa to continue “public work,” which is his term for what we today might call activism.
In Part Three, Gandhi develops his spiritual practice of self-restraint by taking the brahmacharya vow of celibacy—by now, he’s had his four sons, all with Kasturbai—and develops his political power by leading an Indian ambulance corps in the Boer War. He returns to India, where he attends the Indian National Congress and stays with Gokhale, his mentor. He also practices law there. When his second son becomes very ill, Gandhi refuses the doctor’s advice to give him meat broth, which goes to show how seriously our author takes his religious ideals. Gandhi is full steam ahead by this point for sure.
Part Four has Gandhi fighting the Asiatic Department in the Transvaal, giving legal advice to Johannesburg Indians in land acquisition cases, organizing an Indian Volunteer Corps for the Great War, and more. He tells us about his religious studies, his experiments in diet (fruits and nuts only: dang), and his thoughts on the brahmacharya vow. He’s glad to be celibate, saying that life with sex is “insipid and animal-like.” He feels the self-restraint of celibacy is a purifying practice that makes him a better seeker of truth.
Part Five shows Gandhi at the height of his political power. He founds the Satyagraha Ashram in Ahmedabad, secures help for peasants in Champaran, fights the Rowlatt legislation, suspends Satyagraha after people become violent, edits newspapers, and gets a non-cooperation resolution passed by the Nagpur Congress. And that’s just some of what he does politically.
There’s also his decision to drink goat’s milk when a doctor recommends it for a terrible illness. Gandhi had seen all milk as an animal product, like vegans do today, but decided he needed strength for his public work and that his vow to his mother not to touch milk only encompassed buffalo and cow milk. Gandhi writes that even if drinking goat’s milk doesn’t violate the letter of his vow, it violates the spirit, and he feels quite conflicted and pained over his choice. And that’s a wrap! NOT NOW AND NOT EVER AGAIN.
Winston Churchill / Mahatma Gandhi / 1940-1949
Thomas Aquinas’ theory of moral agency is seen to afford a robust account of human freedom that is grounded in rational volition: free decisions based on human conscience, practical judgment, teleological aims toward natural goods, virtuous choice making.
Pray for the peace of Jerusalem. They shall prosper that love thee. Psalm 122:6.
If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, Let my right hand forget her skill. Psalm 137:5.
A law of value must incorporate the fundamentals of behavior in terms such as “moral power.” It is via this device that authority of a law, in this case, a moral law can be applied to determine truth or value. A realistic definition of such a commanding law is a moral law that has practical implications for religious and secular living. The law of value is not an injunction to refrain or assist in the above-referenced behavior but rather a request and sometimes even a demand to obey its existence. If human beings wish to participate freely, then pardoning of slavery as in the diminishing the sovereignty of independent entities such as those of government, culture and society must be resisted. Adherence to dual sovereignty as expressed by the Founders in the American Constitution has so far allowed for the maintenance of peace and dignity between legislative and administrative powers. The Framers of the Constitution worked diligently to advance a system that would honor the balance of power to be shared and enjoyed. It remains to be seen if a concomitant moral foundation exists within such a constitutional democracy as those of the United States. Establishing the necessary heft of moral authority with the aid of the above-referenced Law of Value is a promising way to free society from falsification of claims and judgments. The undoing of criminal authority without a requisite moral standard can have nations experience unrest, crime, and concomitant despair as is evident in our times today.
When intent is misleading, the forces of evil take over life. What is the point of searching for the truth if the reason is only to betray the very confidence truth always possessed and still possesses now.
Zahid Ne Mera Haasil E Imaan Nahin Dekha God does not perceive the difficulties we humans face in the challenges of our world. Rukh Pae Theri Zulfon Ko Pareshaan Nahin Dhekha Your mein covers the desperate look on my face Har Haal Mein Bus Pesh-e-nazar Hai Wohi Soorat. My fate rests in his hands. Maenae Kabhi Roo-e-shab-e-hijran Nahin Dekha. Yet his veiled face remains hidden from us. Ayae Thay Sabhi Tharhaa Ke Jalway Mere Aage, All sorts of good-will had been displayed before you, Meine Magar Ae Deeda-e-haeraan Nahin Dekha, Even so, The Counselor does not see the ardor of my devotion. Kya kya hua hungaam-e-junoon yeh nahi maloom. As a result, what difficulties I have to face I do not know. Kuch Hosh Jo Ayea Tho Girebaan Nahin Dekha, But when I came to my senses, The Counselor did not care to notice the shattered dreams that lay at his feet everywhere.
Dhono jahan theri muhabbath mae haarkae, when two souls met to fall in defeat over you, vo jahrah hai koi shabhaehum guzaarkae, it was as if time that was spent was of no concern. Veera hai mai kadha khumoo savar udhaas hai, I became that bravery quenching the desperation of thirsty souls. Thum kya gayae kae root gayae dhin bahar kae. It did not matter whether you accepted our pleas as days were spent in submission.
A non-intellectual discourse on the ethical, moral and existential lives lived in both the past and present and the future. In Memoriam: Judge Stephen Reinhardt, June 2018. by Adriaan Lanni, Andrew Manuel Crespo, Benjamin I. Sachs, David J. Barron, Heather K. Gerken, Justice Anthony M. Kennedy, Justice Sonia Sotomayor & Michael C. Dorf. JUN 8, 2018. 131 Harvard Law Review. 2097.
Let me not to the marriage of true minds, Admit impediments, Love is not Which alters when it alteration finds, Or bends with the remover to remove: O no! it is an ever-fixed mark, That looks on tempests and is never shaken; It is the star to every wandering bark, Whose worth’s unknown, although his height be taken. Love’s not Time’s fool, though rosy lips and cheeks Within his bending sickle’s compass come: Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks, But bears it out even to the edge of doom. If this be error and upon me proved, I never writ, nor no man ever loved.
Dhono jahan theri muhabbath mae haarkae, when two souls met to fall in defeat over you, vo jahrah hai koi shabhaehum guzaarkae, it was as if the time spent was of no concern to you. Veera hai mai kadha khumoo savar udhaas hai, I became that bravery quenching the desperation of thirsty souls. Thum kya gayae kae root gayae dhin bahar kae. It did not matter whether you accepted or rejected pleas, the days were spent in the awe of submission.
Om mangalam bhagwan Vishnu, All auspiciousness to God Vishnu, Mangalam garuda dhwaja … jai jai All auspiciousness to the eagle’s wings … Salutation. Om mangalam pundrikaksham. All auspiciousness to the lotus flower eyed one. Mangalaye thanno Hari, to whom auspiciousness is Lord Krishna Aaj ibaadat, Today a prayer Aaj ibaadat rubaru ho gayi, Today a prayer has been fulfilled. Rubaru ho gayi has been fulfilled, Joh maangi thi, joh maangi thi the one I was asking for, Us dua sae guftagu ho gayi, I had a conversation with that prayer. Mere maula, mere maula, O my Lord, O my Lord. Mere maula, mere maula tera O my Lord, O my Lord thanks to you shukriya. Dhard kae andheron sae, from the pain of darkness, Aa gayae ujaalon mein. I’ve come into light, Ishq kae chiragon ka The lamps of love. Noor hai khayalon mein, lighten up my dreams. Nazron se teri chaak With just the gaze of your eyes, Dil pe rafoo ho gayi, My heart mended.Dil pe rafoo ho gayi, My heart mended. Mere maula, mere maula, O my Lord, O my Lord, tera shukriya, thanks to you.
Hanukah, or the Festival of Lights commemorating the year’s end for a renewed morality.
At a meeting in Geneva he pointed out”my speeches at the Round Table Conference as all officially reported meanwhile I must ask you to believe me when I say that I have never made a statement of this description that the masses of India, if it became necessary, would resort to violence. Call that as you like, it is complete independence that we want.”
Penitence, the moral for our past. Hopefully our present and future too.
Ehsaan thera hoga mujh par Your look has transformed me and now I cannot live without you. Dhil chahta hai vo kehenae dho mujhae thumsae mohabbat ho gayi hae mujhae palko ki chayoun mae rehendho. Let the heart do what it must. I have fallen for you thus allow for this to remain between the shadow of the eyelashes. Savari saloni piya mohari auman. Meet prayers’ demands both near and afar. Chaabili suurath mora harlino chithvan and allow for your graceful looks to successfully defeat our innermost being again. Thuum nae mujkho hasna sikhaya ronae kahogae tho rolaengae. O God who has taught everyone to laugh also makes us shed tears at his command. Therefore, Lord, do not make light of life and let fallen tears remain where they must. Abb aasuun kae hamarae ghaam na karo vo behethae hain tho behenae dho. If you should care to create or erase me, I have praised you even in death (strains of song (undecipherable.) Chahae banadho chahae mitado mar bhi gayae tho dheyaengae duae. Dreams that fly to reflect upon you, tell stories of love so that the world can survive on its own. Urd urd kae kahaegi khwaab sanam yae dhard mohabbath saehenae dho. I have loved you for who you were for eternity. Mujhae thumsae muhabbath ho gayi hai mujhae palko ki chaayon mae rehenae dho…Now let this story remain hidden within the shadow of my eyelashes.
The bridge of love from hate can be found in the garden of faith where Disney World awaits.
I shall now therefore humbly propose my own thoughts, which I hope will not be
liable to the least objection. I have been assured by a very knowing American of my acquaintance in London, that a young healthy child well nursed, is, at a year old, a most delicious nourishing and wholesome food, whether stewed, roasted, baked, or boiled; and I make no doubt that it will equally serve in a fricasie or a ragoust. I do therefore humbly offer it to public consideration, that of the hundred and twenty thousand children, already computed, twenty thousand may be reserved for breed, where of only one fourth part to be males; which is more than we allow to sheep, black cattle, or swine, and my reason is, that these children are seldom the fruits of marriage, a circumstance not much regarded by our savages, therefore, one male will be sufficient to serve four females. That the remaining hundred thousand may, at a year old, be offered in sale to the persons of quality and fortune, through the kingdom, always advising the mother to let them suck plentifully in the last month, so as to render them plump, and fat for a good table. A child will make two dishes at an entertainment for friends, and when the family dines alone, the fore or hind quarter will make a reasonable dish, and seasoned with a little pepper or salt, will be very good boiled on the fourth day, especially in winter. I have reckoned upon a medium, that a child just born will weigh 12 pounds, and in a solar year, if tolerably nursed, increases to 28 pounds.
I grant this food will be somewhat dear and therefore very proper for landlords,
who, as they have already devoured most of the parents, seem to have the best title to the children. Infant’s flesh will be in season throughout the year, but more plentiful in March, and a little before and after; for we are told by a grave author, an eminent French
physician, that fish being a prolific diet, there are more children born in Roman
Catholic countries about nine months after Lent, the markets will be more glutted than
usual, because the number of Popish infants, is at least three to one in this kingdom, and
therefore it will have one other collateral advantage, by lessening the number of Papists
among us. I have already computed the charge of nursing a beggar’s child (in which list I reckon all cottagers, laborers, and four-fifths of the farmers) to be about two shillings per annum, rags included; and I believe no gentleman would repine to give ten shillings for the carcass of a good fat child, which, as I have said, will make four dishes of excellent nutritive meat, when he hath only some particular friend, or his own family to dine with him. Thus the squire will learn to be a good landlord, and grow popular among his tenants, the mother will have eight shillings neat profit, and be fit for work till she produces another child. Those who are more thrifty (as I must confess the times require) may flea the carcass; the skin of which, artificially dressed, will make admirable gloves for ladies, and summer boots for fine gentlemen.
As to our City of Dublin, shambles may be appointed for this purpose, in the most convenient parts of it, and butchers we may be assured will not be wanting; although I rather recommend buying the children alive, and relations. But with due deference to so excellent a friend, and so deserving a patriot, I cannot be altogether in his sentiments; for as to the males, my American acquaintance assured me from frequent experience, that their flesh was generally tough and lean, like that of our school-boys, by continual exercise, and their taste disagreeable, and to fatten them would not answer the charge. Then as to the females, it would, I think, with humble submission, be a loss to the public, because they soon would become breeders themselves: And besides, it is not improbable that some scrupulous people might be apt to censure such a practice, (although indeed very unjustly) as a little bordering upon cruelty, which, I confess, hath always been with me the strongest objection against any project, how well soever intended. But in order to justify my friend, he confessed, that this expedient was put into his head by the famous Salmanaazor a native of the island Formosa, who came from to London, above twenty years ago, and in conversation told my friend, that in his country, when any young person happened to be put to death, the executioner sold the carcass to persons of quality, as a prime dainty; and that, in his time, the body of a plump girl of fifteen, who was crucified for an attempt to poison the Emperor, was sold to his imperial majesty’s prime minister of state, and other great mandarins of the court in joints from the gibbet, at four hundred crowns. Neither indeed can I deny, that if the same use how well soever: to any extent. Salmanaazor: George Psalmanazar (1679? – May 3, 1763): An acquaintance of Samuel Johnson and other literary figures of 18th century London, Psalmanazar convinced many in England that he was the first Formosan to visit Europe; around 1702, he was proven a fraud.
Some persons of a desponding spirit are in great concern about that vast number of poor people, who are aged, diseased, or maimed; and I have been desired to employ my thoughts what course may be taken, to ease the nation of so grievous an encumbrance. But I am not in the least pain upon that matter, because it is very well known, that they are every day dying and rotting, by cold and famine, and filth, and vermin, as fast as can be reasonably expected. And as to the young laborers, they are now in almost as hopeful a condition. They cannot get work and consequently pine away from want of nourishment, to a degree, that if at any time they are accidentally hired to common labor, they have not strength to perform it, and thus the country and themselves are happily delivered from the evils to come.
I have too long digressed and therefore shall return to my subject. I think the
advantages by the proposal which I have made are obvious and many, as well as of the
highest importance. For first, as I have already observed, it would greatly lessen the number of Papists, with whom we are yearly over-run, being the principal breeders of the nation, as well as our most dangerous enemies, and who stay at home on purpose with a design to groat: a silver coin worth four pence. Chair: a sedan chair: an enclosed chair carried by servants used to transport wealthy persons through cities to deliver the kingdom to the Pretender, hoping to take their advantage by the absence of
so many good Protestants, who have chosen rather to leave their country, than stay at
home and pay tithes against their conscience to an episcopal curate.
[curate: a priest of the Church of England or Church of Ireland who was
supported by local tax revenues; reformation protestants, like the Puritans, generally opposed the practice of a state-supported church. vintner: wine seller or tavern owner. 33 receipts: recipes. perfection; and consequently have their houses frequented by all the fine gentlemen, who justly value themselves upon their knowledge in good eating; and a skillful cook, who understands how to oblige his guests, will contrive to make it as expensive as they please.]
Many other advantages might be enumerated. For instance, the addition of some
thousand carcasses in our exportation of barreled the propagation of swine’s flesh,
and improvement in the art of making good bacon, so much wanted among us by the
great destruction of pigs, too frequent at our tables; were made of several plump young girls in this town, who without one single groat to their fortunes, cannot stir abroad without a chair, and appear at a playhouse and assemblies in foreign fineries which they never will pay for; the kingdom would not be the worse.
Some persons of a desponding spirit are in great concern about that vast number
of poor people, who are aged, diseased, or maimed; and I have been desired to employ
my thoughts what course may be taken, to ease the nation of so grievous an
encumbrance. But I am not in the least pain upon that matter, because it is very well
known, that they are every day dying, and rotting, by cold and famine, and filth, and
vermin, as fast as can be reasonably expected. And as to the young laborers, they are now in almost as hopeful a condition. They cannot get work, and consequently pine away from want of nourishment, to a degree, that if at any time they are accidentally hired to common labor, they have not strength to perform it, and thus the country and themselves are happily delivered from the evils to come.
We should soon see an honest emulation among the married women which of them could bring the fattest child to the market. Men would become as fond of their wives, during the time of their pregnancy, as they are now of their mares in foal, their cows in calf, or sow when they are ready to farrow; nor offer to beat or kick them (as is too frequent a practice) for fear of a miscarriage. Many other advantages might be enumerated. For instance, the addition of some thousand carcasses in our exportation of barreled beef: the propagation of swine’s flesh, and improvement in the art of making good bacon, so much wanted among us by the great destruction of pigs, too frequent at our tables; which are no way comparable in taste or magnificence to a well grown, fat yearly child, which roasted whole will make a considerable figure at a Lord Mayor’s feast, or any other public entertainment. But this, and many others, I omit, being studious of brevity. Supposing that one thousand families in this city, would be constant customers for infants flesh, besides others who might have it at merry meetings, particularly at weddings and christenings, I compute that Dublin would take off annually about twenty thousand carcasses; and the rest of the kingdom (where probably they will be sold somewhat cheaper the remaining eighty thousand.
Of using neither clothes, nor household furniture, except what is of our own growth and manufacture: Of utterly rejecting the materials and instruments that promote foreign luxury: Of curing the expensiveness of pride, vanity, idleness, and gaming in our women: Of introducing a vein of parsimony, prudence and temperance: Of being a little cautious not to sell our country and consciences for nothing: Of teaching landlords to have at least one degree of mercy towards their tenants. Lastly, of putting a spirit of honesty, industry, and skill into our shop-keepers, who, if a resolution could now be taken to buy only our native goods, would immediately unite to cheat and exact upon us in the price, the measure, and the goodness, nor could ever yet be brought to make one fair proposal of just dealing, though often and earnestly invited to it.
Therefore I repeat, let no man talk to me of these and the like expedients, ’till he hath at least some glimpse of hope, that there will ever be some hearty and sincere attempt to put them into practice. But, as to my self, having been wearied out for many years with offering vain, idle, visionary thoughts, and at length utterly despairing of success, I fortunately fell upon this proposal, which, as it is wholly new, so it hath something solid and real, of no expense and little trouble, full in our own power, and whereby we can incur no danger in disobliging England. For this kind of commodity will not bear exportation, and flesh being of too tender a consistence, to admit a long continuance in salt, although perhaps could name a country, which would be glad to eat up our whole nation without it. After all, I am not so violently bent upon my own opinion, as to reject any offer, proposed by wise men, which shall be found equally innocent, cheap, easy, and effectual. But before something of that kind shall be advanced in contradiction to my scheme, and offering a better, I desire the author or authors will be pleased maturely to consider two points. First, As things now stand, how they will be able to find food and raiment for a hundred thousand useless mouths and backs. And secondly, There being a round million of creatures in humane figure throughout this kingdom, whose whole subsistence put into a common stock, would leave them in debt two million of pounds sterling, adding those who are beggars by profession, to the bulk of farmers, cottagers and laborers, with their wives and children, who are beggars in effect; I desire those politicians who dislike my overture, and may perhaps be so bold to attempt an answer, that they will first ask the parents of these mortals, whether they would not at this day think it a great happiness to have been sold for food at a year old, in the manner I prescribe, and thereby have avoided such a perpetual scene of misfortunes, as they have since gone through, by the oppression of landlords, the impossibility of paying rent without money or trade, the want of common sustenance, with neither house nor clothes to cover them from the inclemencies of the weather, and the most inevitable prospect of entailing the like, or greater miseries, upon their breed for ever. I profess, in the sincerity of my heart, that I have not the least personal interest endeavoring to promote this necessary work, having no other motive than the public good of my country, by advancing our trade, providing for infants, relieving the poor, and giving some pleasure to the rich. I have no children, by which I can propose to get a single penny; the youngest being nine years old, and my wife past childbearing.