Reason versus Emotion, Categorical Imperative versus doubt

Why sovereignty of individuals is as important as sovereignty assigned to authorities and powers. Establishing a Law of Value amongst human beings is not the same as granting them Sovereignty, Democracy, Human Rights or other similar concepts.

A law of value must incorporate the fundamentals of behavior in terms such as “moral power.” It is via this device that authority of a law, in this case, a moral law can be applied to determine truth or value.  A realistic definition of such a commanding law is a moral law that has practical implications for religious and secular living.  The law of value is not an injunction to refrain or assist in the above-referenced behavior but rather a request and sometimes even a demand to obey its existence.  If human beings wish to participate freely, then pardoning of slavery as in the diminishing the sovereignty of independent entities such as those of government, culture and society must be resisted.  Adherence to dual sovereignty as expressed by the Founders in the American Constitution has so far allowed for the maintenance of peace and dignity between legislative and administrative powers.  The Framers of the Constitution worked diligently to advance a system that would honor the balance of power to be shared and enjoyed. It remains to be seen if a concomitant moral foundation exists within such a constitutional democracy as those of the United States.  Establishing the necessary heft of moral authority with the aid of the above-referenced Law of Value is a promising way to free society from falsification of claims and judgments.  The undoing of criminal authority without a requisite moral standard can have nations experience unrest, crime, and concomitant despair as is evident in our times today.

Experiments with Truth in the 20th century and today. Not that much of a difference after all. A refutation unlike any other before.

When intent is misleading, the forces of evil take over life. What is the point of searching for the truth if the reason is only to betray the very confidence truth always possessed and still possesses now.

Lyrics for Zaahid Ne Mera, My God. By Asghar Gondvi. Vocalist, Apoorva Mudghal.

Zahid Ne Mera Haasil E Imaan Nahin Dekha God does not perceive the difficulties we humans face in the challenges of our world.  Rukh Pae Theri Zulfon Ko Pareshaan Nahin Dhekha Your mein covers the desperate look on my face Har Haal Mein Bus Pesh-e-nazar Hai Wohi Soorat.  My fate rests in his hands. Maenae Kabhi Roo-e-shab-e-hijran Nahin Dekha. Yet his veiled face remains hidden from us. Ayae Thay Sabhi Tharhaa Ke Jalway Mere Aage, All sorts of good-will had been displayed before you, Meine Magar Ae Deeda-e-haeraan Nahin Dekha, Even so, The Counselor does not see the ardor of my devotion. Kya kya hua hungaam-e-junoon yeh nahi maloom. As a result, what difficulties I have to face I do not know. Kuch Hosh Jo Ayea Tho Garebaan Nahin Dekha, But when I came to my senses, The Counselor did not care to notice the shattered dreams that lay at his feet everywhere.

Badal Garajae Nabh Ghor, The resounding thunder threatens. Kathak dance by Meghranjani.

Ghazal by Faiz.Jashna-E-Rekhta, celebrating Urdu poetry and culture online.

Mohandas Gandhi, explorer of the wheel of penitence, pain principle NOT. Not now, not ever. Non-violence is to hate and crime, what truth is to evil doers.

Dhono  jahan theri muhabbath mae haarkae, when two souls met to fall in defeat over you, vo jahrah hai koi shabhaehum guzaarkae, it was as if time that was spent was of no concern. Veera hai mai kadha khumoo savar udhaas hai, I became that bravery quenching the desperation of thirsty souls. Thum kya gayae kae root gayae dhin bahar kae. It did not matter whether you accepted our pleas as days were spent in submission.


Wilderness and Moral Indignation Not.

festival of lights



The role of religious bigotry to further existential norms. A normative (not) explanation of authority in Government.

A non-intellectual discourse on the ethical, moral and existential lives lived in both the past and present and the future. In Memoriam: Judge Stephen Reinhardt, June 2018. by  & 131 Harvard Law Review. 2097.  



Sonnet, William Shakespeare. Recitation of Tom Alter, Faiz’s Ghazal.

Let me not to the marriage of true minds, Admit impediments, Love is not Which alters when it alteration finds, Or bends with the remover to remove: O no! it is an ever-fixed mark, That looks on tempests and is never shaken; It is the star to every wandering bark, Whose worth’s unknown, although his height be taken. Love’s not Time’s fool, though rosy lips and cheeks Within his bending sickle’s compass come: Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks, But bears it out even to the edge of doom. If this be error and upon me proved, I never writ, nor no man ever loved.

Dhono jahan theri muhabbath mae haarkae, when two souls met to fall in defeat over you, vo jahrah hai koi shabhaehum guzaarkae, it was as if the time spent was of no concern to you. Veera hai mai kadha khumoo savar udhaas hai, I became that bravery quenching the desperation of thirsty souls. Thum kya gayae kae root gayae dhin bahar kae. It did not matter whether you accepted or rejected pleas, the days were spent in the awe of submission.


What you miss in life, you can recover in death. Deveshi Sahgal, Vocalist. World Sacred Spirit Festival. 2016.

Orae Piya, My Beloved. Seven Eyes at the Jashn-e-Rekhta festival 2017. Tanya Wells vocalist.

The film, Bajirao Mastani. Aaj Ibadhath, the days’ prayers. The Lubavitcher Rebbe. On the reality of faith.

Om mangalam bhagwan Vishnu, All  auspiciousness to God Vishnu, Mangalam garuda dhwaja … jai jai All auspiciousness to the eagle’s wings … Salutation. Om mangalam pundrikaksham. All auspiciousness to the lotus flower eyed one. Mangalaye thanno Hari, to whom auspiciousness is Lord Krishna Aaj ibaadat, Today a prayer Aaj ibaadat rubaru ho gayi, Today a prayer has been fulfilled. Rubaru ho gayi has been fulfilled, Joh maangi thi, joh maangi thi the one I was asking for, Us dua sae guftagu ho gayi,  I had a conversation with that prayer. Mere maula, mere maula, O my Lord, O my Lord. Mere maula, mere maula tera O my Lord, O my Lord thanks to you shukriya. Dhard kae andheron sae, from the pain of darkness, Aa gayae ujaalon mein. I’ve come into light, Ishq kae chiragon ka The lamps of love. Noor hai khayalon mein, lighten up my dreams. Nazron se teri chaak With just the gaze of your eyes, Dil pe rafoo ho gayi, My heart mended.Dil pe rafoo ho gayi, My heart mended. Mere maula, mere maula, O my Lord, O my Lord, tera shukriya, thanks to you.

The Law of Value as represented in the lights of Hanukah or the Festival Of Lights. MK Gandhi at the Round Table Conference. Opinion as truth; advocating the Independence of India from Britain.

Hanukah, or the Festival of Lights commemorating the year’s end for a renewed morality.

At a meeting in Geneva he pointed out”my speeches at the Round Table Conference as all officially reported meanwhile I must ask you to believe me when I say that I have never made a statement of this description that the masses of India, if it became necessary, would resort to violence. Call that as you like, it is complete independence that we want.”


Mohandas and Satyagraha as moral principles for all times of hatred in the world, so greatly loved by God. Stitches in time when you do the crime.

Mohandas Gandhi, explorer of penitence. NOT pain. Non-violence is never an abundance of hate and crime. MK Gandhi and independence accused of these values NOT?

Penitence, the moral for our past.  Hopefully our present and future too.

Adoration of the Magi and Christ Jesus. Rabbi Nachman of Breslov and God.

Adoration of the Magi
Rabbi Nachman of Breslov


Rebbes Dancing






Ehsan Thera Hoga Mujhpar, Should you have deigned to recognize me. Tribute by Sounak Chattopadhyay with additional lyrics. 2017.

Ehsaan thera hoga mujh par Your look has transformed me and now I cannot live without you.  Dhil chahta hai vo kehenae dho mujhae thumsae mohabbat ho gayi hae mujhae palko ki chayoun mae rehendho. Let the heart do what it must. I have fallen for you thus allow for this to remain between the shadow of the eyelashes. Savari saloni piya mohari auman. Meet prayers’ demands both near and afar. Chaabili suurath mora harlino chithvan and allow for your graceful looks to successfully defeat our innermost being  again.  Thuum nae mujkho hasna sikhaya ronae kahogae tho rolaengae. O God who has taught everyone to laugh also makes us shed tears at his command. Therefore, Lord, do not make light of life and let fallen tears remain where they must. Abb aasuun kae hamarae ghaam na karo vo behethae hain tho behenae dho. If you should care to create or erase me, I have praised you even in death (strains of song (undecipherable.) Chahae banadho chahae mitado mar bhi gayae tho dheyaengae duae.  Dreams that fly to reflect upon you, tell stories of love so that the world can survive on its own. Urd urd kae kahaegi khwaab sanam yae dhard mohabbath saehenae dho. I have loved you for who you were for eternity. Mujhae thumsae muhabbath ho gayi hai mujhae palko ki chaayon mae rehenae dho…Now let this story remain hidden within the shadow of my eyelashes.

An immodest proposal by Jonathan Swift. 18th Century England. No?

I shall now therefore humbly propose my own thoughts, which I hope will not be
liable to the least objection. I have been assured by a very knowing American of my acquaintance in London, that a young healthy child well nursed, is, at a year old, a most delicious nourishing and wholesome food, whether stewed, roasted, baked, or boiled; and I make no doubt that it will equally serve in a fricasie or a ragoust. I do therefore humbly offer it to public consideration, that of the hundred and twenty thousand children, already computed, twenty thousand may be reserved for breed, where of only one fourth part to be males; which is more than we allow to sheep, black cattle, or swine, and my reason is, that these children are seldom the fruits of marriage, a circumstance not much regarded by our savages, therefore, one male will be sufficient to serve four females. That the remaining hundred thousand may, at a year old, be offered in sale to the persons of quality and fortune, through the kingdom, always advising the mother to let them suck plentifully in the last month, so as to render them plump, and fat for a good table. A child will make two dishes at an entertainment for friends, and when the family dines alone, the fore or hind quarter will make a reasonable dish, and seasoned with a little pepper or salt, will be very good boiled on the fourth day, especially in winter. I have reckoned upon a medium, that a child just born will weigh 12 pounds, and in a solar year, if tolerably nursed, increases to 28 pounds.

I grant this food will be somewhat dear and therefore very proper for landlords,
who, as they have already devoured most of the parents, seem to have the best title to the children. Infant’s flesh will be in season throughout the year, but more plentiful in March, and a little before and after; for we are told by a grave author, an eminent French
physician, that fish being a prolific diet, there are more children born in Roman
Catholic countries about nine months after Lent, the markets will be more glutted than
usual, because the number of Popish infants, is at least three to one in this kingdom, and
therefore it will have one other collateral advantage, by lessening the number of Papists
among us. I have already computed the charge of nursing a beggar’s child (in which list I reckon all cottagers, laborers, and four-fifths of the farmers) to be about two shillings per annum, rags included; and I believe no gentleman would repine to give ten shillings for the carcass of a good fat child, which, as I have said, will make four dishes of excellent nutritive meat, when he hath only some particular friend, or his own family to dine with him. Thus the squire will learn to be a good landlord, and grow popular among his tenants, the mother will have eight shillings neat profit, and be fit for work till she produces another child. Those who are more thrifty (as I must confess the times require) may flea the carcass; the skin of which, artificially dressed, will make admirable gloves for ladies, and summer boots for fine gentlemen.

As to our City of Dublin, shambles may be appointed for this purpose, in the most convenient parts of it, and butchers we may be assured will not be wanting; although I rather recommend buying the children alive, and relations. But with due deference to so excellent a friend, and so deserving a patriot, I cannot be altogether in his sentiments; for as to the males, my American acquaintance assured me from frequent experience, that their flesh was generally tough and lean, like that of our school-boys, by continual exercise, and their taste disagreeable, and to fatten them would not answer the charge. Then as to the females, it would, I think, with humble submission, be a loss to the public, because they soon would become breeders themselves: And besides, it is not improbable that some scrupulous people might be apt to censure such a practice, (although indeed very unjustly) as a little bordering upon cruelty, which, I confess, hath always been with me the strongest objection against any project, how well soever intended. But in order to justify my friend, he confessed, that this expedient was put into his head by the famous Salmanaazor a native of the island Formosa, who came from to London, above twenty years ago, and in conversation told my friend, that in his country, when any young person happened to be put to death, the executioner sold the carcass to persons of quality, as a prime dainty; and that, in his time, the body of a plump girl of fifteen, who was crucified for an attempt to poison the Emperor, was sold to his imperial majesty’s prime minister of state, and other great mandarins of the court in joints from the gibbet, at four hundred crowns. Neither indeed can I deny, that if the same use how well soever: to any extent. Salmanaazor: George Psalmanazar (1679? – May 3, 1763): An acquaintance of Samuel Johnson and other literary figures of 18th century London, Psalmanazar convinced many in England that he was the first Formosan to visit Europe; around 1702, he was proven a fraud.

Some persons of a desponding spirit are in great concern about that vast number of poor people, who are aged, diseased, or maimed; and I have been desired to employ my thoughts what course may be taken, to ease the nation of so grievous an encumbrance. But I am not in the least pain upon that matter, because it is very well known, that they are every day dying and rotting, by cold and famine, and filth, and vermin, as fast as can be reasonably expected. And as to the young laborers, they are now in almost as hopeful a condition. They cannot get work and consequently pine away from want of nourishment, to a degree, that if at any time they are accidentally hired to common labor, they have not strength to perform it, and thus the country and themselves are happily delivered from the evils to come.

I have too long digressed and therefore shall return to my subject. I think the
advantages by the proposal which I have made are obvious and many, as well as of the
highest importance. For first, as I have already observed, it would greatly lessen the number of  Papists, with whom we are yearly over-run, being the principal breeders of the nation, as well as our most dangerous enemies, and who stay at home on purpose with a design to groat: a silver coin worth four pence.  Chair: a sedan chair: an enclosed chair carried by servants used to transport wealthy persons through cities to deliver the kingdom to the Pretender, hoping to take their advantage by the absence of
so many good Protestants, who have chosen rather to leave their country, than stay at
home and pay tithes against their conscience to an episcopal curate.

[curate: a priest of the Church of England or Church of Ireland who was
supported by local tax revenues; reformation protestants, like the Puritans, generally opposed the practice of a state-supported church. vintner: wine seller or tavern owner. 33 receipts: recipes. perfection; and consequently have their houses frequented by all the fine gentlemen, who justly value themselves upon their knowledge in good eating; and a skillful cook, who understands how to oblige his guests, will contrive to make it as expensive as they please.]

Many other advantages might be enumerated. For instance, the addition of some
thousand carcasses in our exportation of barreled the propagation of swine’s flesh,
and improvement in the art of making good bacon, so much wanted among us by the
great destruction of pigs, too frequent at our tables; were made of several plump young girls in this town, who without one single groat to their fortunes, cannot stir abroad without a chair, and appear at a playhouse and assemblies in foreign fineries which they never will pay for; the kingdom would not be the worse.

Some persons of a desponding spirit are in great concern about that vast number
of poor people, who are aged, diseased, or maimed; and I have been desired to employ
my thoughts what course may be taken, to ease the nation of so grievous an
encumbrance. But I am not in the least pain upon that matter, because it is very well
known, that they are every day dying, and rotting, by cold and famine, and filth, and
vermin, as fast as can be reasonably expected. And as to the young laborers, they are now in almost as hopeful a condition. They cannot get work, and consequently pine away from want of nourishment, to a degree, that if at any time they are accidentally hired to common labor, they have not strength to perform it, and thus the country and themselves are happily delivered from the evils to come.

We should soon see an honest emulation among the married women which of them could bring the fattest child to the market. Men would become as fond of their wives, during the time of their pregnancy, as they are now of their mares in foal, their cows in calf, or sow when they are ready to farrow; nor offer to beat or kick them (as is too frequent a practice) for fear of a miscarriage. Many other advantages might be enumerated. For instance, the addition of some thousand carcasses in our exportation of barreled beef: the propagation of swine’s flesh, and improvement in the art of making good bacon, so much wanted among us by the great destruction of pigs, too frequent at our tables; which are no way comparable in taste or magnificence to a well grown, fat yearly child, which roasted whole will make a considerable figure at a Lord Mayor’s feast, or any other public entertainment. But this, and many others, I omit, being studious of brevity. Supposing that one thousand families in this city, would be constant customers for infants flesh, besides others who might have it at merry meetings, particularly at weddings and christenings, I compute that Dublin would take off annually about twenty thousand carcasses; and the rest of the kingdom (where probably they will be sold somewhat cheaper the remaining eighty thousand.

Of using neither clothes, nor household furniture, except what is of our own growth and manufacture: Of utterly rejecting the materials and instruments that promote foreign luxury: Of curing the expensiveness of pride, vanity, idleness, and gaming in our women: Of introducing a vein of parsimony, prudence and temperance: Of being a little cautious not to sell our country and consciences for nothing: Of teaching landlords to have at least one degree of mercy towards their tenants. Lastly, of putting a spirit of honesty, industry, and skill into our shop-keepers, who, if a resolution could now be taken to buy only our native goods, would immediately unite to cheat and exact upon us in the price, the measure, and the goodness, nor could ever yet be brought to make one fair proposal of just dealing, though often and earnestly invited to it.

Therefore I repeat, let no man talk to me of these and the like expedients, ’till he hath at least some glimpse of hope, that there will ever be some hearty and sincere attempt to put them into practice. But, as to my self, having been wearied out for many years with offering vain, idle, visionary thoughts, and at length utterly despairing of success, I fortunately fell upon this proposal, which, as it is wholly new, so it hath something solid and real, of no expense and little trouble, full in our own power, and whereby we can incur no danger in disobliging England. For this kind of commodity will not bear exportation, and flesh being of too tender a consistence, to admit a long continuance in salt, although perhaps could name a country, which would be glad to eat up our whole nation without it. After all, I am not so violently bent upon my own opinion, as to reject any offer, proposed by wise men, which shall be found equally innocent, cheap, easy, and effectual. But before something of that kind shall be advanced in contradiction to my scheme, and offering a better, I desire the author or authors will be pleased maturely to consider two points. First, As things now stand, how they will be able to find food and raiment for a hundred thousand useless mouths and backs. And secondly, There being a round million of creatures in humane figure throughout this kingdom, whose whole subsistence put into a common stock, would leave them in debt two million of pounds sterling, adding those who are beggars by profession, to the bulk of farmers, cottagers and laborers, with their wives and children, who are beggars in effect; I desire those politicians who dislike my overture, and may perhaps be so bold to attempt an answer, that they will first ask the parents of these mortals, whether they would not at this day think it a great happiness to have been sold for food at a year old, in the manner I prescribe, and thereby have avoided such a perpetual scene of misfortunes, as they have since gone through, by the oppression of landlords, the impossibility of paying rent without money or trade, the want of common sustenance, with neither house nor clothes to cover them from the inclemencies of the weather, and the most inevitable prospect of entailing the like, or greater miseries, upon their breed for ever. I profess, in the sincerity of my heart, that I have not the least personal interest endeavoring to promote this necessary work, having no other motive than the public good of my country, by advancing our trade, providing for infants, relieving the poor, and giving some pleasure to the rich. I have no children, by which I can propose to get a single penny; the youngest being nine years old, and my wife past childbearing.

To free the world from slavery and devil’s values. Mortified Favor, Satyagraha. Mortification of Favor, Imam Hussain.



When God blesses his people, the Rebbes show their pleasure by dancing to immemorialize him.


Francis and Democracy. Pope pushing limits of office, Good or Evil??

Jhank Jhanak Payal Bajae, The bells toll for thee. Kaushiki Chakraborty vocalist Hindustani Classical Music.

Deliberate choice and unconscious evil. Essay by Umberto Eco, Italian philosopher-theorist. “On the Distinguishing Features of Fascism.”


Eco reduces the qualities of what he calls “Ur-Fascism, or Eternal Fascism” down to 14 “typical” features. “These features,” writes the novelist and semiotician, “cannot be organized into a system; many of them contradict each other, and are also typical of other kinds of despotism or fanaticism. But it is enough that one of them be present to allow fascism to coagulate around it.”

The cult of tradition. “One has only to look at the syllabus of every fascist movement to find the major traditionalist thinkers. The Nazi gnosis was nourished by traditionalist, syncretistic, occult elements.”

The rejection of modernism. “The Enlightenment, the Age of Reason, is seen as the beginning of modern depravity. In this sense Ur-Fascism can be defined as irrationalism.”

The cult of action for action’s sake. “Action being beautiful in itself, it must be taken before, or without, any previous reflection. Thinking is a form of emasculation.”

Disagreement is treason. “The critical spirit makes distinctions, and to distinguish is a sign of modernism. In modern culture the scientific community praises disagreement as a way to improve knowledge.”

Fear of difference. “The first appeal of a fascist or prematurely fascist movement is an appeal against the intruders. Thus Ur-Fascism is racist by definition.”

Appeal to social frustration. “One of the most typical features of the historical fascism was the appeal to a frustrated middle class, a class suffering from an economic crisis or feelings of political humiliation, and frightened by the pressure of lower social groups.”

The obsession with a plot. “The followers must feel besieged. The easiest way to solve the plot is the appeal to xenophobia.”

The enemy is both strong and weak. “By a continuous shifting of rhetorical focus, the enemies are at the same time too strong and too weak.”

Pacifism is trafficking with the enemy. “For Ur-Fascism there is no struggle for life but, rather, life is lived for struggle.”

Contempt for the weak. “Elitism is a typical aspect of any reactionary ideology.”

Everybody is educated to become a hero. “In Ur-Fascist ideology, heroism is the norm. This cult of heroism is strictly linked with the cult of death.”

Machismo and weaponry. “Machismo implies both disdain for women and intolerance and condemnation of nonstandard sexual habits, from chastity to homosexuality.”

Selective populism. “There is in our future a TV or Internet populism, in which the emotional response of a selected group of citizens can be presented and accepted as the Voice of the People.”

Ur-Fascism speaks Newspeak. “All the Nazi or Fascist schoolbooks made use of an impoverished vocabulary, and an elementary syntax, in order to limit the instruments for complex and critical reasoning.”

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Rabbinate of Israel; Naina Lagaye Kae Meain Pachtaee, After meeting you I only had regrets. Sitar and vocals. Ustad Shujaat Khan.


What are attributes of the Laws of Value resulting from the defeat of Satyagraha regarding the victims of Nazi Statehood?

De Jure, shared freedoms of stolen property=laws. De Facto shared values=truth.

Devotional dance about Krishna and his companions, Gopis. Compilations?

Niratata Dhang bahae pavana mandh sugandha seetahala Near the banks of the river Jamuna humanity waits for the arrival of the Lord.  Bansibatt thtt nikata jamuna, hearing the flute of Krishna brindavan ki kunj karin moe, in the forest of the abode of the Lord, Brindavan, nachhe gopi umang his companions dance with joy.  Adhri bhairi bhairi kamaj bhalta, slowly and completely bharath goda othi he raises the Bharath nation from evil. Mahiya tha tha thaei thaei thrugtha thrama thrama chanrana chalath uchang and due to this, his companions follow him wherever he goes.  Niratata dhang, nirtata dhang. The dance by gopis for the Lord Krishna in his heavenly abode, the Brindavan forest.

Helga Varden on Kant and Lying to the Murderer at the Door… And law in circumstances beyond human authority. 

When are civil properties no more a theme of debate.


Kant’s example of lying to the murderer at the door has been a cherished source of scorn for thinkers with little sympathy for Kant’s philosophy and a source of deep puzzlement for those more favorably inclined. The problem is that Kant seems to say that it is always wrong to lie—even to a murderer asking for the whereabouts of his victim—and that if one does lie and despite one’s good intentions the lie leads to the murderer’s capture of the victim, then the liar is partially responsible for the killing of the victim. If this is correct, then Kant’s account seems not only to require us to respect the murderer more than the victim, but also that somehow we can be responsible for the consequences of another’s wrongdoing. After World War II our spontaneous, negative reaction to this apparently absurd line of argument is made even starker by replacing the murderer at the door with a Nazi officer looking for Jews hidden in people’s homes. Does Kant really mean to say that people hiding Jews in their homes should have told the truth to the Nazis, and that if they did lie, they became co‐responsible for the heinous acts committed against those Jews who, like Anne Frank, were caught anyway? Because this is clearly what Kant argues, the critics continue, his discussion of lying to the murderer brings out the true, dark side not only of Kant’s universalistic moral theory but also of Kant himself. We get the gloomy picture of a stubborn, old academic who refuses to see the inhumane consequences of his theory, and instead grotesquely defends the inhumane by turning it into an a priori, moral command.

In this paper, I argue that Kant’s discussion of lying to the murderer at the door has been seriously misinterpreted. My suggestion is that this is primarily a result of the fact that the Doctrine of Right with its conception of rightful, external freedom has been given insufficient attention in Kant interpretation. It is in the Doctrine of Right that Kant discusses rightful interaction in the empirical world. Hence it is in this work we find many of the arguments needed not only to understand his analysis of lying to the murderer in “On a Supposed Right to Lie from Philanthropy,” but also to analyze the added complexity the Nazi officer brings to the example. When we interpret lying to the murderer in light of Kant’s discussion in the Doctrine of Right, we can make sense of why lying to the murderer, although a wrong, is not to wrong the murderer, why we become responsible for the bad consequences of the lie, and finally why lying is to do wrong in general. The account of rightful freedom provided in the Doctrine of Right also makes it possible to see why replacing the murderer with a Nazi officer adds philosophical complexity rather than just one more reason to reject Kant’s view. The introduction of the Nazi officer requires us to consider the role of a public authority in ensuring rightful relations in general and what happens to the analysis of lying when rightful interactions as a matter of fact are no longer possible. We will see that the only time doing wrong in general by lying is legally punishable is when we lie to or as a representative of the public authority. The Nazis, however, did not represent a public authority on Kant’s view and consequently there is no duty to abstain from lying to Nazis. Two further strengths of Kant’s account, I propose in the final sections of the paper, lie in its ability to critique how European legal systems aimed to deal with the Nazis after the war was over and in its contribution to our understanding of the experiences of war heroes.

Kathak, Ishwari Deshpande, Revelation; Latent manifestation in dance.

Maran- Sephardi Chief, Rabbi Ovadia Yosef. Father of the Nation of Israel. The Beloved.

Does Evil have a Law of Value? Is it jealousy’s revenge? Ask wunderkind Zara in her dance, Aayat, (hope) from the movie Bajirao Mastani.

Moral Law as a symbol of collective civil properties not. End Jihad pursue civil laws not criminal law. Never again.

What will the civil courts of the world determine as jurisdiction and jurisprudence? A juridical norm of non-violence as the laws of beings.


Rami Al Ali Bridal 2015. Poetry 2018.

Balma Mane Na. Beloved God will not remain silent. Balmain, Parisian fashion designer not?


Balma maanae na, God does not agree bairi chup na rahae, and can no longer remain silent laagi man ki kahae, He speaks to all souls, hai papiya khaeli, like a song bird playing mori baiyan karae, and going after everyone at all times balma… jub jub paltoun gagar bharkae, when boundaries become flooded aaa nut rahae jainyae, know that the night still holds on mukh pae bikharkae, as if a veil over one’s face baath karae aesae diwana, that is how the Satan becomes known to everybody thurpae or thurpahae mohae, making us suffer balma…Beloved God not. Gunghat daaru naiin churayoun, I tried to hide underneath my belief, ghabrahat maain raah na paayoun, yet when fear struck I found no path forward vo baka rasiya mathvala, the Evil one made all roads crooked sunnae na mori apnae hi ki kahae stubbornly listening to his own value, balma bairi chup na rahae God will no longer remain silent about Satan’s glory.

Echad mi yode’a, Who is our God? Echad mi’yodea, I know that they are the attributes of G-d, (God.)

1. Echad mi yodea Who is our God, Echad mi yode’a, I know, Echad Elokeinu shebashamaim uva’aretz, Who is in Heaven and on Earth, 2. Shnaim mi yode’a, tablets of the commandments, 3. shnei luchot habrit, our forefathers shlosha mi yode’a, shlosha ani yode’a, are our forefathers 4. Arba mi yode’a, arba ani yode’a arba imahot, are our
matriachs Chamisha, mi yode’a Who knows, Chamisha, ani yode’a, I know, 5 Chamisha chumshei , are the 5 books of the Torah, Shisha, mi yode’a? who knows, 6. Shisha, sidre mishna, 6. are the orders of the mishna, 7. Shiv’ah mi yode’a shiv’ah yemei,  shabatah, that there are 7 days in a week 7 8. Shmohan mi yode’a, shmonah ani yode’a shmonah yemei milah,  are the days of Brit milah, 9. Asara mi yode’a are the 9 months before birth, 10. asara ani yode’a, asara hibraya,  Asala hibraya, are the commandments, 11. hadasa mi yode’a are the stars in Joseph’s dream 12. shebasa mi yodea shebasa are the tribes of Israel, 13. Achad asar mi yode’a, achad asar ani yode’a achad asar kochvaya, shneim-asar mi yode’a, shneim-asar ani yode’a shneim-asar kochvaya, Shlosha-asar mi yode’a, Shlosha-asar midaya, are the attributes of G-d.

1 Corinthians, 13:3. The most beloved of all was and remains love.

Now we see but a dim reflection as in a mirror; then we shall see face to face. Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as I am fully known. 13 And now these three remain: faith, hope, and love; but the greatest of these is love.

Self-Government as a gift of God for God. Swaraj materialized. MK Gandhi in Yerushalayim.

Selfgovernanceself-government, or autonomy, is an abstract concept that applies to several scales of organization. … Gandhi’s term “swaraj” (see also “satyagraha”) is a branch of this self-rule ideology. Another major proponent of self-rule, when a government’s actions are immoral, is Thoreau.

John Adams to his wife, Abigail Adams, My-Dearest-Friend-Letters-in the past centuries. No letters remain forever.

John to Abigail Adams “Your Description of the Distresses of the worthy Inhabitants of Boston, and the other Sea Port Towns, is enough to melt a heart of stone. Our Consolation must be this, my dear, that Cities may be rebuilt, and a People reduced to Poverty, may acquire fresh Property: But a Constitution of Government once changed from Freedom, can never be restored. Liberty once lost is lost forever.  When the People once surrender their share in the Legislature, and their Right of defending the Limitations upon the Government, and of resisting every Encroachment upon them, they can never regain it…therefore the opinions of men are not the object of civil government, nor under its jurisdiction; that to suffer the civil magistrate to intrude his powers into the field of opinion and to restrain the profession or propagation of principles on supposition of their ill tendency is a dangerous fallacy, which at once destroys all religious liberty, … and finally, that truth is great and will prevail if left to herself; that she is the proper and sufficient antagonist to error, and has nothing to fear from the conflict unless by human interposition disarmed of her natural weapons, free argument and debate ; errors ceasing to be dangerous when it is permitted freely to contradict them.

Deveshi Sahgal, Zahid nae mera hasil-e-emann nahi dekha, God does not see the difficulties I must endure for His worship.

Zahid nae mera hausilae imaan nahi dekha rukh par tho zulfo ko parishan nahi dekha khal khaal mae nazar vahi surath bas pesh nazar hai nahi surath, hairaan nahi dekha, merae didhayie imaan nahi dekha zulfo ko parishaan nahi dekha hai tha kahi pahithi jal mein nahin merae didhayae hairaan nahi dekha kya kya hua hum dhayae junoon kya nahi dekha ki hosh aayae ayman nahi dekha kuch pariman nahi dekha.